Modern Electric Power Systems 2010


Wroclaw University of Technology (WUT)
Faculty of Electrical Engineering

The MEPS'10 Symposium will take place in Wrocław (Poland) on the main Campus of the Wrocław University of Technology (WUT) - point B. The main Campus of WUT is located in the Wrocław city center. The opening ceremony as well as technical sessions will be held in Congress Center of WUT - point A, which is located in the main building (D-20) of Faculty of Electrical Engineering - Wydział Elektryczny (bulding D-20: Janiszewskiego Street #8, 50-370 Wrocław) - see MEPS'10 related maps, location, etc.

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A-MEPS'10, B-WUT, C-WUT Canteen
MEPS'10 related maps, location, etc.
D-20 Building, maps, etc.


-> website of Poland (Poland in Wikipedia)


Poland, one of the largest countries in Central Europe, occupies an area of 312,683 square kilometres. The territory of Poland has changed many times in its history, but has always occupied an area between the Baltic Sea and the Carpathian Mountains. Present borders were delimited after World War II under the victorious powers' agreement. Poland is bounded to the north by the Baltic Sea and an enclave of Russia, to the north-east by Lithuania, to the east by Belarus, to the south-east by Ukraine, to the south by Slovakia and Czech Republic and to the west by Germany.

The country's geographical location at the very heart of Central Europe is conducive to its integration with the European Union and the mutual opening of its borders with the EU, especially ever since the communist system collapsed. Moreover, such a neighbourhood has contributed in the past and continues to do so today, to the enrichment of the Polish culture, joining traditions both of the West and the East.

Geographical location and climatic conditions

Poland is generally composed of lowlands which comprise about 91 % of its territory, highlands about 8% and mountains only 1 %. The country is framed by the Baltic Sea to the north and the Carpathian and Sudety mountain ranges to the south. Its surface configuration, predominance of lowlands and parallel sculpture of the earth's surface continue to contribute to communications and trading routes connecting the western and eastern parts of Europe.

The geographical location and surface features are the two most important factors determining the climate of Poland. The climate has a transitional character lying between maritime and continental. Weather conditions can change very often as a result of the advection of various air-masses. Thus, winters can be mild or cold, summers cool and rainy or hot and dry. Also weather conditions change easily within a matter of a few or even one day and the periods of hot or dry weather can be interspersed with rainy, cloudy and cold spells.


The nation, of about 40 million population, has been undergoing rapid economic, social and cultural transformations and development since 1989. The process of opening borders and creating more and more contacts not only with neighbouring countries but also with other continents permits the country and people to acquire latest technological and cultural world achievements. Nevertheless, most of Poles are attached to traditional values and habits. About 95 % of inhabitants are Roman Catholic. Polish is the national language. Thus, Poland creates a mixture of traditional and modern trends enabling the country to develop economically and socially and preserve at the same time its individual and genuine character.

At present about 61% of the population live in towns, the most densely populated areas being in western and southern Poland. Poland's major cities, including Warsaw (the capital), Cracow, Poznań, Gdańsk and Wrocław, are continually being developed as a result of the dynamic changes in the last ten years. A number of foreign and domestic investments, as well as the evolution of trade and commerce are enabling the cities to grow and expand.

Historical background

Poland's history dates back over one thousand years. In 966 the country appeared on the map of Europe when Mieszko I was baptised and since then Poland has been involved in the historical, cultural and social changes and revolutions in this part of the continent.

When the main line of the principal Piast dynasty ended in the 14th century the crown passed to the duke of Lithuania Władysław Jagiełło. The union with Lithuania enabled Poland to become a European power in the16th and 17th centuries. This "golden age" terminated in the 18th century when Poland was partitioned between Austria, Russia and Prussia as a result of economic, social and political crises.

The aftermath of World War I gave the country an opportunity to recover its independence and to rebuild its national heritage. In 1939 World War II began with the German and Russian attack on Polish borders and the country experienced the horrors of extermination during the Nazi occupation.

After World War II Poland became under the Potsdam Agreement a "people's democracy" subordinated to the Soviet Union. Following the collapse of the Soviet Union at the end of the 80's the country became the Republic of Poland (a name that dates back to the early 16th century) and the first full free elections for more than 50 years were held.


Technical co-sponsor




The MEPS'10 symposium meetings took place in the Congress Centre of Wroclaw University of Technology.

Wroclaw, Poland

 MEPS'10      © 2010 Wroclaw University of Technology Last updated: September 28, 2010 / mail to webmaster / 9002

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